6 in 10 women suffers from anaemia in Mumbai, finds Metropolis Healthcare Study

In its recent study on anaemia, Metropolis Healthcare found that 6 in 10 women from 36 cities of India have low haemoglobin levels indicating iron deficiency, anaemia. Anaemia is a condition that develops when there is lack of healthy red blood cells or haemoglobin in the blood. The incidence of anaemia was reported highest in the 20-50 age group. For this study, Metropolis Healthcare had tested 17,00,000 samples of girls and women over a period of two years.

In Mumbai, Metropolis tested 11,41,600 samples of girls and women. Among them, 6 in 10 samples were tested anaemic. In Mumbai, the anaemia prevalence was found to be higher in the age group of 20-50.

On the study, Dr Mayur Nigalye, Head of Department, Hematology, Metropolis Healthcare Ltd said, “The most common reason for anaemia is a deficiency of iron which can be taken care of with supplements and good nutrition. But in India, women continue to live with anaemia. Menstruating girls and women are more deficient due to the monthly blood loss. The most common signs to watch out for anaemia would be lethargy, unexplained fatigue, pale skin and pale eyes. In kids, more severe form of anaemia is characterized by a behaviour called as pica where the child builds a tendency to eat dirt, clay and other unusual substances. This is not a harmful behaviour and disappears once anaemia is cured.”

National Data on Haemoglobin

Analysis of 17,00,000 samples tested for Haemoglobin in 36 cities

Age Group Anaemia Normal Total Anaemia Normal
0 to 10 27725 43635 71360 38.85 61.15
10 to 20 55774 52826 108600 51.36 48.64
20 to 30 242512 131933 374445 64.77 35.23
30 to 40 226007 125413 351420 64.31 35.69
40 to 50 165324 99632 264956 62.40 37.60
50 to 60 136265 101553 237818 57.30 42.70
60 to 70 123079 66423 189502 64.95 35.05
70 to 80 64819 27090 91909 70.53 29.47
Above 80 23924 8445 32369 73.91 26.09
Total 1065429 656950 1722379 61.86 38.14

 

Mumbai specific Data on Haemoglobin

Analysis of 11,41,600 samples tested for Haemoglobin in Mumbai

Age Group Anaemia Normal Grand Total Anaemia Normal
0 to 10 18247 27888 46135 39.55 60.45
10 to 20 37899 36081 73980 51.23 48.77
20 to 30 151152 88629 239781 63.04 36.96
30 to 40 145577 87177 232754 62.55 37.45
40 to 50 108593 69838 178431 60.86 39.14
50 to 60 91606 68938 160544 57.06 42.94
60 to 70 82564 44962 127526 64.74 35.26
70 to 80 42341 18396 60737 69.71 30.29
Above 80 15868 5844 21712 73.08 26.92
Grand Total 693847 447753 1141600 60.78 39.22

 

During the study, Metropolis observed that often anaemia symptoms are mistaken as cause of stress and overwork. Dr. Nigalye commented on anaemia diagnosis, “While routine blood tests like Complete Blood Cell (CBC) count can give us an overall picture on the status of Hb and Red Blood Cell components, it is important to undergo thorough diagnosis to find out the exact cause of anaemia. Other causes of anaemia may include internal bleeding and our body’s inability to absorb iron. Whatever the cause, it is important to get diagnosed early on to avoid further complications and correct the condition, as soon as possible. While iron deficiency induced anaemia and pregnancy are two of the largest causes of mild and moderate anaemia, some cases of severe anaemia may have serious underlying causes, which may affect a person’s quality of life. These include Beta Thalassemia, Macrocytic Anaemia and other Chronic Diseases with permanent consequences.”

 

Metropolis Healthcare’s guide to different types of Anaemia: The below table highlights the different causes of anaemia and their categorization
Cause of Anaemia Anaemia Type
Anemia Caused by Blood Loss Gastrointestinal conditions such as ulcers, hemorrhoids, gastritis (inflammation of the stomach), and cancer. Menstruation and childbirth in women
Anemia Caused by Decreased or Faulty Red Blood Cell Production

 

Iron-deficiency Anemia

Vitamin deficiency, Bone marrow and stem cell problems

Anemia associated with other conditions Advanced kidney disease, Hypothyroidism.

Other chronic diseases, such as cancer, infection, lupus, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis

Anemia Caused by Destruction of Red Blood Cells

 

Inherited conditions such as sickle cell Anemia and Thalassemia. Toxins from advanced liver or kidney disease. Inappropriate attack by the immune system (called hemolytic disease of the newborn when it occurs in the fetus of a pregnant woman), vascular grafts, prosthetic heart valves, tumors, severe burns, exposure to certain chemicals, severe hypertension, and clotting disorders

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